Holy Well, Wishing well, Dairy or Grotto? The mystery behind Hollinhead’s holy well
From the car park one has an evocative if a little muddle journey to the ruins of Hollinshead Hall and its so called Holy Well, although it is well worth it. My knowledge of this curious well being drawn by an excellent article by Cramshaw in the now defunct Source. The house has virtually been raised to the ground all bar a few foot high walls criss-cross the field they lie and by far the most substantial remains is the holy well. As such it is the largest holy well in the county yet for certain is known regarding it.
It can be described as being built in the same sandstone rubble as the hall with a stone slate roof. The building a single cell is built into a slope from which the spring arises and is encapsulated by it. Either side a high walls creating a sort of forecourt with side benches with inward-facing chamfered piers with ball finials at the ends. The well house itself is quite an attractive building and is certainly not thrown up, having a symmetrical facade with chamfered unglazed widows which are fitted with spear-headed iron bars and clearly the building has never been glazed. The gable end has a large oval opening with a matching one at the rear. In the centre is a heavy board door with a chamfered doorway. This doorway unfortunately is locked baring any entrance to the well house.
Peering in through the windows one can see how strong the vaulted roof is, adorned by a pendent ball in its centre. The spring’s water flows from a crudely carved lion’s head, either side of a reredo of Ionic colonnettes, with a sunken stone tank beneath and each side a rectangular recess which enclose rectangular pools. There is a diamond-paved floor with a central gutter draining from this well or trough at centre of rear wall:
Abram’s “Blackburn (1877) is perhaps the first to state that the water was curative. However, anonymous quote in Nightingales History of Tockholes describes the well as:
“Here no less than five different springs of water, after uniting together and passing through a very old carved stone representing a lion’s head, flow into a well. To this Well pilgrimages were formerly made and the water which is of a peculiar quality, is remarkable as an efficacious remedy for ophthalmic complaints.”
Post-Reformation holy well or is it a diary or grotto
Local tradition accounts that there was a site here from Medieval times and indeed, that the name Hollinshead was derived from a version of holy well although O.E hol, for hollow is more likely although there is a Halliwell Fold Farm nearby being derived from O.E halig for healing. The pool with steps down above the well house may be the original well of course. The discovery of a hoard of medieval coins in 1970s would support the date and perhaps they were an offering. Another tradition is that the site was a resting place for pilgrims to Whalley Abbey and that the trough was used as baptistery, however, this would be more likely to be the spring above the well house.. It is probably a springhouse, a structure built over a natural source of water for the storage of dairy products and other foods that needed to be kept fresh.
Reculsancy, that is practising Catholicism in secret, was very prevalent in Lancashire and the well house does the bear the coat of arms of the Radcliffes . It would suggest why the structure is so ornate and suggest a 1600s date although many authorities suggest an 18th century origin. The site would be a secret baptistery and its design as a dairy ,would also help as well as being still function, certainly the presence of benches suggest this functionality. It appears to be too close to the house to be a garden folly such as a grotto! The suggestion of stained glass in the windows suggests something more significant discovered during the present stone roof’s construction. Indeed, the choice of the lion’s head is possibly that of the ‘Lion of Judah’, meaning Jesus providing rich and valuable water, although this is a common motif on many drinking fountains of course! Interesting, Cramshaw tells us that the site was in the 1980s the site of a well dressing, although what type is unclear and no other author has mentioned it as far as I am aware. Perhaps we shall never know the real origin of this delightful building.
Posted on June 21, 2012, in Favourite site, Lancashire and tagged Catholics, Customs, dairy, folly, Holy well blog, Local history, spas. Bookmark the permalink. 7 Comments.
Thank you. I have enjoyed reading these articles / posts. I am also very interested in holy wells. There are some on my web blog The Journal of Antiquities. Maybe you would like to take a look sometime.
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Really interesting article. We live in the area and really didn’t know much about it. It’s a real shame that it’s not open to the public. An interesting blog especially as we need to keep these sacred places alive as much as possible./
Hi thanks for the interest, you can of course peer as close as you can and get the idea. Perhaps it’s a candidate for a heritage open day. Regards
You know, the peculiar thing about that site is the quality of padlock used to secure the door. That is an Abloy padlock, an expensive and effectively unpickable design, and not something I would expect to be put on the door of a simple wellhouse. This suggests that whoever put it there was very, very seriously trying to prevent access and wasn’t just playing about.
Ablock disc locks have the downside that master keys are hard to make for this type of lock, so this sort of lock isn’t the first choice of large organisations. Abloy designs are also much more expensive, so the general impression here is of a landowner who really, truly wants to keep that door shut but who also needs easy access to the well (or else why not just weld a link on and cut it when necessary?).
So, regular access needed, high security needed, and not a large organisation. I wonder…
Just reading up again about the enigmatic Holy Well when I read this reply of some years ago. Are you saying that it is used for magical and supernatural purposes by those who do not wish other mere mortals to get a look in………….? Hhmmmm. Mind you, vandals often operate in that area. It is such a fascinating place and I STILL haven’t been! Most interested to know if anyone has any stories concerning it.
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